Inventory of the Prudence Crandall Collection

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Overview of the Collection

Biography of Prudence Crandall

Scope and Contents of the Collection

Organization of the Collection

Arrangement of the Collection

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Detailed Description of the Collection


Overview of the Collection

Creator: Crandall, Prudence, 1808-1890
Title: Prudence Crandall Collection
Abstract: Manuscripts and research materials gathered by Helen Earle Gilbert Sellers in preparation for a biography of Prudence Crandall.

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Biography of Prudence Crandall

Biography

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Scope and Contents of the Collection

The collection consists of letters and poems of Prudence Crandall, letters and business records of her husband Calvin Philleo, photographs, and research notes and correspondence of Helen Earle Gilbert Sellers.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None

Restrictions on Use

Materials must be used within the Linda Lear Center for Special Collections & Archives

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Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Persons:
Crandall, Prudence, 1808-1890
Philleo, Calvin Wheeler, 1787-1874
Sellers, Helen Earle Gilbert, 1897-1951
Places:
Canterbury, Conn.
Troy Grove, Ill.
Elk Falls, Kans.
Subjects:
Women in education
African Americans
Discrimination in education
School integration
Document Types:
Correspondence
Occupations:
Teachers--United States--Biography

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Related Material

Other major collections of Prudence Crandall papers are held by the Prudence Crandall Museum and the Connecticut Historical Society.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Prudence Crandall Collection, Linda Lear Center for Special Collections & Archives, Connecticut College

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Detailed Description of the Collection

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection

Prudence Crandall Letters and Poems

Box Folder
1 1 ALS to Rev. S. Jocelyn 2/26/1833. Canterbury, CT. Revelation to family, friends, and townspeople of plans for school. Opposition of citizenry. Desire to enlist aid of eminent persons to counter this opposition.
2 ALS to Rev. S. Jocelyn dated 4/9/1833. Canterbury, CT. Bitter opposition of citizenry to school, boycott planned. Meeting Wm. L. Garrison in Brooklyn, CT. Harassment and persecution of Garrison. His plans to be in Hartford and New Haven.
3 ALS to Rev. S. Jocelyn dated 4/17-20/1833. Canterbury, CT. Persecution of Prudence Crandall and her boarders. Uncertainty whether to pay fine for “harboring foreigners” or stand trial. Expression of outrage and shock at public sentiment, commitment to her course, and confidence in the Providence of God. Possibility of moving the school to a new location.
4 ALS to Calvin W. Philleo and her mother dated 9/9-11/1841. Littlefalls, NY. Concerning her trip to Albany and Elizabeth’s sickness and death.
5 ALS to mother and Calvin W. Philleo dated 9/10/1841. Newport, NY. News about Elizabeth’s funeral.
6 ALS to Calvin W. Philleo dated 11/16/1844. North Society. Short note to stepson in search of her husband.
7 ALS to Calvin Philleo dated 10/18/1857. Troy Grove. Acknowledgment receipt of Calvin’s book and suggests that he consider doing a book “in novel style” about Mrs. Vogell, a divorced friend of Mrs. Philleo’s. Prosperous state of farm. With note by Calvin Philleo appended on p.2.
8 ANS to Calvin Philleo dated 12/8/1857. Troy Grove. “Let Le B have the money… I will back his note … I feel sad for you…”
9 ALS to George and Huldah Webster dated 2/13/1872. Death of “mother and grandmother”; time of funeral.
10 ALS to Huldah Webster dated 3/15/1875. Cordova, ILL. Death of “your dear sister Mary … I am looking for it to be my turn next…The winter has been very hard on weak lungs…”
11 ALS to Elizabeth Philleo dated 6/13/1860. Mendota, La Salle Co., ILL. Pleasure at forthcoming visit of Elizabeth; husband Calvin’s interest in farm; plans to inform him of visit so he may plan to be at home.
12 ALS to Elizabeth Philleo dated 8/10/1860. Mendota, ILL. Plans for visit of Elizabeth Philleo. (Includes 2 messages by Calvin Philleo)
13 ALS to Elizabeth Philleo dated 12/3/1859. Mendota, La Salle Co., ILL. Letter of consolation; death of stepson, Calvin.
14 ALS to Elizabeth Philleo dated 12/22/1860. Mendota, La Salle Co., ILL. “The sickness in this region is now abated…” still looking forward to visit from Elizabeth Philleo.
15 ALS to niece Esther dated 5/21-6/7/1875. Cordova, ILL. Family references; farm affairs-garden, claves; Sunday school; the Lamberts.
16 ALS to Huldah Webster dated 11/1/1877. Elk Falls, Elk Co., Kansas. New home and farm in Kansas. “I intend to give this farm to Clarrisa…” Crop; proposed railroad through Elk Falls.
17 ALS to niece Josephine dated 7/25-28/1880. Elk Falls, Elk Co., Kansas. High esteem of State of Kansas, especially “in relation to the Exodus.” Few colored people here as yet. Visit to a “milk factory”; discovers relationship with “the father of the firm.” Features of local scene – normal school, churches, railroad, etc. Daily life, activities.
18 ALS to Obidiah Bass dated 3/15/1881. Elk Falls, Kansas. “Grandpa is quite ill with pneumonia fever.” Details of illness; disposal of farm affairs during crises.
19 ALS to Esther and Huldah dated 4/12/1881. Elk Falls, Kansas. “I presume Obediah has given you the particulars in relation to the sickness and death of your father…”
20 ALS dated 2/28/1885. Elk Falls, Kansas. “ I do not know that you are aware how many good friends in Hartford have risen up in my behalf. Samuel Coit son of Roger Coit of Plain- field… The Editor of the Tolland County Leader…” Also other efforts being made to gain compensation from the Conn. State Legislation for the Canterbury incident.
21 ALS to John S. Smith dated 11/3/1885. Elk Falls, Kansas. Petition to Conn. Legislature. “ My plea will be for justice.” Asks for advice on course to pursue.
22 ALS dated 12/2/1885. Elk Falls, Kansas. “What I demand is on the score of justice. Of want in the sense of charity I do not plead.” Would like to own a horse and buggy.
23 ALS to John S. Smith dated 1/9/1886. Elk Falls, Kansas. Concerns petition before Conn. State Legislature for redress of wrongs.
24 Poems by Prudence Crandall Philleo

Calvin Philleo manuscripts

25 Two statements on business affairs dated 1846?
26 ALS to son, Calvin W. Philleo, Suffield, Connecticut dated 5/26/1847. Boonville, New York. Condition of Boonville property; upbraids son; Black River Canal; requests son to surrender power (power-of-attorney).
27 ALS to “My dear son” (Calvin W. Philleo) dated 10/10/1844. Brookline. His decision not to leave for Illinois; “I think it best for your Mother to return immediately…. Mr. Gordon will hire my farm next season. Your mother will open a boarding school on the premises….”
28 ALS to “My dear child” (Calvin W. Philleo) dated 10/22/1844. Pawtucket, Rhode Island. Speaks of his trip to Pawtucket, where he preached on the Sabbath last. Visit to grave of first wife. Speaks of plans to go to Boston, and Fall River; speaks also of pastoral and business affaires; reference to approaching presidential election.
29 Collection of receipts and statements for goods supplied Rev. Calvin Philleo, 1841-42.
30 ALS to son, Calvin W. Philleo, Suffield, Connecticut dated 7/23/1847. Boonville, New York. Development of canals in region; proposed road; expects property to increase in value though as yet it has taken only money and labor. Wife visiting in the West.
31 ALS to son, Calvin W. Philleo, Suffield, Connecticut dated 10/11/141850. Steuben, New York. Considering going West; Mrs. Philleo’s mother has given her a deed to her portion of the property; personal disagreements with son and Mr. Loomis and with others, arising chiefly out of control and ownership of property.
32 ALS to son, Calvin W. Philleo dated 4/6/1853. Cordova, ILL. Invites son to visit him; wishes he too could settle in West. Wants son to arrange a loan with Mr. Loomis for Mr. Hungerford and gives terms.
33 ALS to son, Calvin W. Philleo dated 6/21/1854. New York. In New York on business connected with suit arising out of the sale of Boonville property; has proof that Mr. White, purchaser, was agent of Wm. Leavenworth.
34 ALS to son, Calvin W. Philleo dated 12/10/1857. Mendota, ILL. Expresses deep affection for son and anxiety for his health; wishes that he and his wife would come to Mendota.
35 ALS to Elizabeth Philleo, daughter-in-law dated 11/25-26/1859. Mendota, Ill. Wife owns 100 acres of land in Mendota. C.P. owns 140 acres in Cordova and several building lots. Preaches whenever there is opportunity. Consolation on loss of Calvin. General comment on situation in South.
36 ALS to Elizabeth Philleo, daughter–in–law dated 8/9/1861. Mendota, Ill.
37 ALS to Elizabeth Philleo, daughter–in–law dated 8/28/1864. Cordova, Ill. Good condition of farm. Consolation and sympathy in loss of husband.
38 ALS to Elizabeth Philleo, daughter-in-law dated 3/5/1865. Cordova, Ill. Sold farm to wife and mother. Wife plans to build new house.
39 Canterbury, CT. Handwritten text of an argument delivered by Calvin W. Philleo in public debate with John Moore at Canterbury, CT, in 1841 on the subject of disunion. Handwriting appears to be that of Calvin W. Philleo, although there is no signature.
40 ALS to “My dear father” dated 1/19/1850. Suffield, CT. Discussion of legal matters concerning mortgage on his father’s farm in Boonville. Entreats his father to return to New England, with his wife, set up house with his son and daughter-in-law, and live out his days with them.
41 ALS to Mr. William Leavenworth, Esq. Dated 7/17/1851. Suffield, CT. Answers inquiry concerning “the amount ‘equitably’ due from my father to Mr. Loomis on the mortgage on the Boonville property…”
42 ALS to father, Rev. Calvin Philleo dated 7/17/1851. Suffield, CT. Offers to buy Boonville property. Copy.
43 ALS to father Calvin Philleo dated 7/18/1851. Suffield, CT. Advises against acceptance of Mr. Leavenworth’s offer to trade lots for Mr. Philleo’s property; offers to buy property himself for a fair price. Copy.
44 ALS to father Rev. Calvin Philleo dated 7/22/1851. Suffield, CT. Advice on business affaires; more about the proposed trade of father’s Boonville property for land. Copy.
45 ALS to father, Rev. Calvin Philleo dated 7/23/1851. Suffield, CT. Boonville property of the Rev. Calvin Philleo; needs time to see through purchase, but will not stand if his father receives a good offer to sell. Copy.
46 ALS to father, Calvin Philleo dated 7/30/1851. Suffield, CT. Mr. Loomis plans suit for foreclosure of mortgage on Boonville property; gives advice to father on securing counsel to defend self in suit; displeased because father does not trust him. Copy.
47 ALS to Rev. Calvin Philleo, father dated 9/28/1852. Suffield, CT. Property sold at public auction for 1,000 dollars; had considered it worth more. Advises father to do nothing until he has had the time to learn more about the circumstances behind the sale. Copy.
48 ALS to father, Calvin Philleo dated 0/5/1852. Suffield, CT. More about the sale of Mr. Calvin Philleo’s Boonville property. Copy.
49a ALS to father. Calvin Philleo dated 0/31/1852. Suffield, CT. Unable to raise $1,000 to aid father in repurchasing Boonville property. Promises to aid father if he pursues course to set aside the sale and tries to invalidate the title of Leavenworth. Copy.
49b ALS to Hon. Richard Hernidien dated 11/1/1852. Suffield, CT. Acknowledges judge’s aid to father; Rev. Philleo cheated by Mr. Leavenworth on Boonville property; father incompetent but impatient of control. Copy.
50 ALS from J. Covenhoven, q.v., 8/4/1848
51 ALS from George Lyons, q.v., 2/7/1853
52 ALS from Henry Marchant, q.v., 10/24/1853
53 ALS from Henry Marchant, q.v., 3/5/1853
54 ALS from Valley Falls to Prudence Crandall Philleo dated 12/14/1848. Contains inquiry about Mrs. Philleo’s whereabouts. The writer is in need of money lent to Mrs. Philleo.
55 ALS from Levi Hungerford dated /2/1853. Certificate of Levi Hungerford’s lands in Rock Island County, Illinois, accompanied by statements by F. Ketcham, pastor of the last Bapt. Church, Rock Island, and by A.K. Philleo, treasurer and assessor of Rock Island, Ill. ALS to son, Calvin W. Philleo, 4/6/1853, requests latter to arrange a loan for Mr. Hungerford.
56 ALS from Goodwin, Le Baron to Calvin W. Philleo, Suffield, CT., dated 11/28/1857. Troy Grove, Ill. Request for loan and reasons for need.
57 Calvin Philleo's account book. 1840.

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Helen Sellers Notes and Correspondence

Box Folder
2 1 Memo Book
2 Photographs of Prudence Crandall, family, and residences
3 Crandall Collection origins and organization
4 Helen Sellers correspondence (I)
5 Helen Sellers correspondence (II)
6 Helen Sellers correspondence (III)
7 Helen Sellers correspondence (IV)
8 Helen Sellers correspondence (V)
9 Helen Sellers-Clisby correspondence, 1948-1950
10 Helen Sellers-Haynes correspondence, 1947-1948
11 Clisby, Rena "Canterbury Pilgrims" 1947
12 Draft/Notes Biography of Prudence Crandall
13 Draft/Notes
14 Obituaries (Helen, Charles, Coleman)

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Prudence Crandall research materials

Box Folder
3 1 Checklist of Correspondence relating to Prudence Crandall Philleo. 1841-1865
2 “Delta Kappa Gamma” Articles
3 Colchester: School, slaveryu
4 Prudence Crandall House, Canterbury CT
5 Miscellaneous: facsimiles, arithmetic table which belong to Prudence Crandall
6 Newspaper Articles: 19th Century (Christian Register, 7/6/1867 and 7/13/1867; Congregationalist and Boson Recorder, 8/5/1869)
7 Report of the arguments of counsel, Boston, 1834
8 Garrison, Crandall, Jocelyn letters (transcriptions)
9 Genealogy and Wills
10 Newspaper articles, 20th century (list)
11 Newspaper articles, 21st century (list)
12 Periodical articles (list)
13 Prudence Crandall by Mary R. Kent, 1803-1890

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