Guide to the Colin S. Buell Papers, 1906-1938 (bulk 1910-1917)

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Overview of the Collection

Biographical History

Scope and Content Note

Administrative Information

Restrictions

Subjects and Contributors

Arrangement

Detailed Description of the Collection


Overview of the Collection

Repository: Linda Lear Center for Special Collections and Archives, Connecticut College
Creator: Buell, Colin S.
Title: Colin S. Buell papers
Inclusive Dates: 1906-1938
Bulk Dates: 1910-1917
Call Number: RG16
Extent: 0.20 cubic feet (1 box)
Language: In English
Abstract: Correspondence, notes, and fundraising material documenting Colin Sherman Buell’s role in the founding of Connecticut College.

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Biographical History

Colin Sherman Buell was an educator, civic leader, and a key figure in the founding of Connecticut College for Women. Born in Killingworth, Connecticut, on January 3, 1861 to J. Sherman and Frances J. (Hull), Buell graduated from Yale in 1885 and taught at the Lackawanna School in Scranton, Pennsylvania, before ill health forced him home to Connecticut a year later. Buell studied law before returning to teaching in 1887 at the Harvard School in Chicago. In 1888, Buell was hired as first assistant at the Bulkeley School, a boys’ high school in New London, Connecticut. He remained there until 1891, when he was elected first principal of the Williams Memorial Institute (WMI), a newly established high school for girls.

It was at the Williams Institute that Buell began his efforts to establish an institute of higher learning for women in New London. At the WMI commencement in 1894, Buell spoke of the necessity of a women’s college for Connecticut, and his hopes that the citizens of New London would rally around the cause. When his plan to expand WMI into a women’s college fell through, Buell turned his attention to prominent civic leaders, approaching Sebastian Duffy Lawrence (then-president of the National Whaling Bank) in 1907 to assist in drawing up plans, and then Rockefeller’s General Education Board in 1910. These efforts were ultimately rejected as too costly, as were further entreaties to private financiers.

In 1910, Buell wrote to Elizabeth Wright and the Hartford College Club of Wesleyan, who were leading their own campaign for a woman’s college in Connecticut in response to Wesleyan’s decision to stop admitting women to the university a year earlier. Wright and Buell combined efforts, and by 1911, had secured the funding to establish the new institution, thanks in large part to a frenzied campaign by the citizens of New London, who raised $135,000, and a million dollar bequest by financier and railroad tycoon Morton F. Plant. Buell was elected a trustee of the Connecticut College for Women, and later served as chair of the endowment committee.

 

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Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of the records pertaining to the founding of Connecticut College and the role of Colin Buell therein, including fundraising and campaign material; correspondence with Morton Plant, George Palmer, Elizabeth Wright, and other benefactors; and a portion of Buell’s diary.

 

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Item], Folder, Box, Colin S. Buell Papers. Linda Lear Center for Special Collections and Archives, Connecticut College.

Processed By

Rebecca Parmer, 2015; updated April 2016.

Acquisitions Information

Donated to Connecticut College by Mrs. Colin S. Buell, February 22, 1951.

 

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This collection is open to researchers.

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Subjects and Contributors

 
Names:
Buell, Colin S. (Colin Sherman), 1861-
Marshall, Benjamin Tinkham, 1872-
Plant, Morton F., 1852-1918
Sykes, Frederick Henry, 1863-1917
Wright, Elizabeth C., 1876-
Organizations:
Connecticut College for Women
Subjects:
Connecticut College for Women
Connecticut College for Women--Benefactors
Single-sex schools
Universities and colleges
Women’s colleges--Connecticut--New London

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Arrangement

Organized chronologically in a single series.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

The following section contains a detailed listing of the materials in the collection

Box Folder Description Date(s)
1 1 Early Responses to Colin Buell’s appeal 1906-1907, 1911
2 Correspondence – Morton Plant and Colin Buell 1907-1911
3 New London Appeal to the Site Selection Committee 1910
4 “Thames College, A New College for Women” statement c.1910-1911
5 Diary (selection) and Transcription 1910-1911
6 Solicitation and Fundraising Booklets c.1910-1911
7 Correspondence – Mary Partridge and Colin Buell 1910-1911
8 Correspondence – Elizabeth Wright and Colin Buell 1910-1911
  9 Newsclippings 1910-1911, 1938
  10 Correspondence – National Alliance Daughters of Veterans CT Department and Colin Buell 1911
11 Appeal to the People of Connecticut and Statement of Policy by the Trustees of Thames College 1911
12 Booklet – The Connecticut College for Women 1911
13 Campaign Correspondence 1911, 1914
14 Correspondence – Simeon Baldwin to Colin Buell 1913
15 Correspondence – Louis R. Cheney to Colin Buell 1913
16 Appeal to Yale Graduates 1914
17 Essay on the Founding of Connecticut College c.1915
18 Correspondence – Mrs. Clarkson Cowl and Colin Buell 1915-1916, n.d.
19 Correspondence – Henry P. Wright to Colin Buell 1915-1916
20 Correspondence – Frederick Sykes to Colin Buell 1916
21 Draft Statement Requesting the Resignation of Frederick Sykes c.1917
22 Correspondence – Colin Buell to George Palmer, re: Views on Founding of the College 1921
23 Correspondence – Smith, ____. to the Board of Trustees re: the Resignation of Benjamin Marshall 1928
24 Map of Connecticut College for Women 1931
25 Correspondence – George Whittlesey to Mrs. Buell 1938

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